What is crowdsourcing?

Crowdsourcing is currently being actively developed as a model for solving any kind of problems and tasks facing both business and the state and society as a whole.

Within the framework of the Crowdsourcing paradigm, the solution of the problem is transferred to a distributed and very large group of people, due to which the cost and time to achieve the result are drastically reduced.

In 2003, Luis von Ahn, together with his colleagues, first proposed the concept of «human computation», which operates on human capabilities to perform computing tasks that are not computer-dependent. Later in 2006, the term crowdsourcing was coined by Jeff Howe, Wired magazine editor, in an article entitled The Rise of Crowdsourcing. Since then, a gigantic amount of work has been done and more than one hundred works (including dissertations) have been published that study various aspects of crowdsourcing thesaurus, the scope of its applicability and economic efficiency.

From the above it follows that crowdsourcing is the mobilization of people’s resources through information technology in order to solve the problems facing business, the state and society as a whole.

One of the first examples of crowdsourcing was the compilation of the Oxford English Dictionary. Then the publication turned to the public with a request to send variants of terms with their potential use cases. As a result, over a period of 70 years, more than 6 million letters were received.

However, crowdsourcing is not limited to this. There are many ways to use it, which vary both in the subject and type of the result, and in the category of people involved. Due to the huge number of application points, there are at least as many Crowdsourcing classification options. The editors of the portal Crowdsourcing.ru take the liberty to offer their generalized version of the classification, while operating in understandable Russian words.

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